Photo: Jim McGraw
Opened in 1914, the third CPR station today serves as Waterfront
Station for commuters using SeaBus, SkyTrain and West Coast Express
- 1884] [1885 - 1891] [1892
[1900 - 1905] [1906
- 1908]  
  
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You'll note that this year includes events listed under "Also
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specific date of an event shown there, please
notify us . . . and cite the source! Many thanks!
January 1 The first train of the North Shore
Division of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway runs from North Vancouver
to Dundarave in West Vancouver. By July 1 the PGE line would be
extended to Whytecliff station. The interior section
started at Squamish and went north; the two sections are not connected.
The North Vancouver line was used mostly by residents or holiday-makers
rather than for freight.
Also January 1 The last spike marked completion
of the Canadian Northern Railway between Port Arthur, Ontario and
Vancouver. (The Canadian Northern will eventually be absorbed by
January 2 The first PGE train derailment occurred,
on the second day of operation, at 24th Street in West Vancouver.
January 5 Lots close to beach
are advertised in the Semiahmoo Gazette from $125 to $1,500.
January 30 Movie actor John Ireland was born
February 1 Recording pioneer Al Reusch was
Early February English music hall great Marie
Lloyd visited Vancouver. Trouble! The mayor banned her performance.
Too risque! (At one point, she lifted her floor-length gown up two
inches to reveal a watch on her ankle.)
March 2 A St. David's Day banquet was given
by the Welsh community at Pender Hall.
April 1 William Rathie was born, the first
Vancouver mayor (1963-1966) to actually be born in the city.
April 7 Last spike ceremonies marked the completion
of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway, creating a continuous line between
Portland, Maine and Prince Rupert, BC.
April 24 Pitt Meadows was incorporated.
April 25 Conductor John Avison was born in
Vancouver. He would become the founder of the CBC Chamber Orchestra.
May 8 The first Mothers Day.
Also May 8 Fred Karnos entertainment
troupe from England began a week-long engagement at the Orpheum
Theatre (not the present one) at Pender and Howe Streets. Among
the performers, a 22-year-old not-yet-famous Charlie Chaplin. Our
thanks to site visitor Robert Ingves for this item. And see this
set up by A.J. Marriot. A.J. lists every appearance
made by Chaplin here: May 8, 1911; October 9, 1911; April 8, 1912;
December 30, 1912, and September 8, 1913. Also appearing on the
Karno bill that May 8, and on the last two dates cited: Stan Laurel,
later to be half of the immortal team Laurel and Hardy.
May 9 From the Coquitlam Star: The
new $50,000 two-storey Terminal Hotel on Busteed Avenue [in Port
Coquitlam] will be completed early next week.
May 19 Back in 1911 a Maine couple, Myrtle
and Alex Philip, who had married in 1908 and moved to Vancouver
in 1910, realized their dream of opening their own fishing lodge
and resort was coming true. They had really been taken with Summit
Lake (later named Alta Lake), and travelled there many times. On
May 19, 1914 the Philips began to build a lodge on 10 acres theyd
bought (for $700) on its northwest shore. Mrs. Philipthe former
Myrtle Tapleywas 20, her husband was 29. The Tapley family
built the lodge, the Philips ran it.
It took a while back then to get to Alta Lake: a
steamship trip to Squamish, an overnight stay in Brackendale and
then a two-day trek along the Pemberton Trail on rented packhorses.
But 1914 was also the year the Pacific Great Eastern railway reached
the area. Soon, the Philips Rainbow Lodge, the first fishing/vacation
lodge of any size in the Whistler area, became the most popular
summer resort west of the Rockies. It was famed for its hospitality,
and as many as 100 people could stay there.
They would sell the resort in 1948.
May 23 The ship Komagata Maru arrived and
anchored in Burrard Inlet. She carried 376 Indians (12 Hindus, 24
Muslims and 340 Sikhs). Canadian immigration regulations at the
time limited immigration from South Asia, and the ship had been
chartered by a Sikh businessman specifically to challenge those
rules. All but 20 passengers (those who already had resident status)
were refused permission to leave the ship. They were also refused
food and water, but local supporters managed to supply the men,
women and children aboard the ship. The passengers seized control
of the vessel. Attempts by local mobs to expel them were met by
a hail of Japanese-made bricks from the people aboard. (One of those
bricks is preserved at the Vancouver Museum.) Vancouvers mayor
at the time, Truman Baxter, organized an anti-Asian rally, and in
June a board of inquiry found all the passengers inadmissible. But
without supplies for the return voyage, the ship would not leave.
In July, an armed boarding party stormed the ship, but were unable
to capture it. Finally, the new Royal Canadian Navyin its
first official taskwas called in and the Komagata Maru was
forced to steam away with its passengers, back to India.
May 29, 1914 The Empress of Ireland sank in
the St. Lawrence River after colliding with the Norwegian collier
Storstad. She went down within 15 minutes, with the loss of 840
passengers and 172 crew members. Among the 462 survivors: Arthur
Delamont, 22, who would become famous locally as the originator
and leader of the Kitsilano Boys Band. Arthurs brother Leonard
was one of the victims.
June 11 The Pageant of Vancouver began, a
huge two-day musical-historical extravaganza at the Horse Show Building.
June 26 The Province had a story on
a Made in BC exhibition at Spencers store.
June 28 In Sarajevo, Bosnia a young radical
assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife. This
incident precipitated World War I.
July 23 The Komagata Maru sailed away. (See
May 23 item above).
July 30 Columbia Bitulithic, founded in 1910
and headquartered in Coquitlam, was awarded a $71,815.52 contract
to pave Victoria Road (now Victoria Drive) from Kingsway to 43rd
August 4 World War I began.
As a result of the war, the Vancouver Stock Exchange
suspended trading for two months.
Also August 4 While in Germany to acquire
books for the University of British Columbias first serious
library (by purchase rather than haphazard gifts), J.T. Gerould,
the universitys newly appointed buyer, was arrested as a spy
in Germany. Talk about bad timing! After much delay Gerould was
finally deported to Switzerland.
August 5 Canada declared war on Germany and
August 10 Dr. Leonard S. Klinck, dean of agriculture,
37, was the first faculty member appointed by UBC. He would become
the universitys second president after Frank Wesbrook died
in 1918, and would hold the post for 25 years. Klinck supervised
the war-delayed move to the Point Grey campus from the Fraserview
Shacks. He died in West Vancouver March 27, 1969.
August 15 The Panama Canal opened. The canal
would prove beneficial to Vancouver, considerably shortening ocean
journeys between British Columbia and Europe and spurring the ports
growth in grain exports. Today we ship more grain than any other
August 21 The first troop train left Vancouver
for the war in Europe.
August The first portion628 feet (191
metres) longof the White Rock Pier opened. Legend has it locals
wanted a solid pier instead of the earlier floating version, so
they invited the appropriate federal official to inspect the dock,
carefully choosing a time when the tide was at its highest. The
dock heaved mightily, and the alarmed official speedily approved
a permanent pier anchored to the ocean floor. Another 985 feet (300
metres) was added the following year, and the pier was officially
opened July 30, 1915. The pier was rescued from demolition in 1976
by concerned White Rockers, and is kept in good repair.
August Food merchants in North Vancouver sold
out as hoarding began because of the war.
September 5 Capt. Jack Alexander drowned in
False Creek after a fall. He was the man who inspired Jack Londons
character Wolf Larsen in his novel Sea Wolf.
September 11 The Royal Purple Of Canada (Vancouver
Lodge #1), the woman's auxiliary of the Elks, was established.
October 20 The Vancouver School of Pharmacy
October 27 Port Coquitlam City Hall was opened.
With expansion in the 1980s that modernized and more than doubled
the space, the building is now one of the handsomest government
structures in the Lower Mainland.
October The Vancouver Police Pipe Band was
formed. It is the senior police band in Canada, and third in the
world, after the Edinburgh and Glasgow police bands. Its the
official civic band for Vancouver. Members travel to many national
and international competitions and parades at their own personal
expense on their vacation time.
Fall New Westminster raised the 47th, 121st
and the 131st battalions.
November 2 (November 1 also claimed.) Col.
Henry Seymour Tobin organized and commanded the 29th (Vancouver)
Battalion. They earned the nickname "Tigers" for their
gallant conduct. One of Tobins Tigers, Bob Hanna, won a Victoria
Cross for exceptional bravery. Tobin himself was decorated for distinguished
service. Among the battalions survivors were Sherwood Lett,
later chief justice of B.C. (1955-64), and Oscar Orr, who became
a well-known judge. Tobin returned, too, and among other things
was president from 1939 of Vancouver Breweries. He died in 1956.
November 13 Col. Albert Whyte, agent for the
developers of White Cliff City in West Vancouver, requested the
area be renamed Whytecliff. Done.
November 20 A French Cabaret was
held at the Avenue Theatre in aid of the Women's Employment League.
December 1 A luncheon was given by owners
and officers of Russian Volunteer Fleet S.S. Novgorod for commercial
interests of the city. The menu included Consomme Czar Nicholas
avec petites pates.
December 8 Former Vancouver mayor (1898-1900)
James Garden died at 67.
Also in 1914
The third (and present) CPR station opened.
Sir Frank Stillman Barnard became Lieutenant-Governor
of British Columbia.
Construction began on the building now known as Heritage
Hall at 3102 Main Street (corner of East 15th Avenue). It will open
as Postal Station C in 1916.
The Orpheum Circuit bought the Vancouver Opera House,
renamed it the Orpheum. (Not the present theatre of that name, this
one was where Sears is today on Granville.)
Membership in the Vancouver Board of Trade rose to
1,000. A special Act of Parliament had created the Vancouver Harbour
Board, and the Board of Trade persuaded the federal government to
dredge First Narrows for shipping.
The Vancouver Elementary School Teachers' Association
Attracted by its deep anchorage, fresh water, and
good price Imperial Oil began construction at Ioco of B.C.s
first oil refinery. (IOCO is an acronym of Imperial Oil Company).
A concrete bridge was built across the Capilano River.
It would be replaced in 1930.
A 22-year-old actor named Basil Rathbone performed
in Vancouver with the Frank Benson Shakespeare Co. He later became
famous in the movies as Sherlock Holmes.
Province publisher Hewitt Bostock was appointed
to the Senate.
The Architectural Institute of British Columbia (AIBC)
The main Oakalla Prison was opened. (A smaller version
started in 1912.)
Dundarave Pier was built in West Vancouver.
The first Girl Guide Company in Burnaby was formed
at South Burnaby High School. The girls rolled bandages, knitted
socks, sponsored a bed in Royal Columbian Hospital and printed a
newspaper, News from Home, sent to local men at the Front.
The Canadian Northern Railway built a line across
Lulu Island from Queensborough to Steveston. A few years later peat
fires would destroy much of the railway.
The Pacific Construction Company took over shipbuilding
yards in Port Coquitlam. It built several wooden ships during World
War I and was briefly one of the lower mainland's four largest shipyards.
Baron von Mackensen, who had built a castle
at Port Kells in Surrey, was arrested on suspicion of being a German
spy. Before the war he had hosted community Christmas parties, but
in 1914 he raised the German flag over his castle. After the war
he was deported.
The Vancouver Park Board and the federal government
authorized construction of the first section of the Stanley Park
Donald Alexander Smith, Lord Strathcona and Mount
Royal, who had amassed a fortune through his connections with the
Hudson's Bay Company and the Canadian Pacific Railway, died. The
Strathcona neighborhood was named for him.
By 1914, there were 243 households in Shaughnessy
Heights, 80 per cent of which were listed in the Vancouver social
Bayview School opened at Collingwood and 7th.
Paine Hardware moved to 90 Lonsdale in North Vancouver.
This funky store, with its jaw-dropping variety of tools and such,
much of the stock old-fashioned and hard-to-get, became a North
Vancouver landmark. Tragically its interior was destroyed by fire
About 14 kilometres upstream from the Fraser a dam
built on the Coquitlam River this year diverted most of the river's
water flow for electricity and cut off sockeye salmon from their
rearing habitat in Coquitlam Lake.
The Royal Bank of Canada built a 20-storey Toronto
office building that eclipsed Vancouvers World Building (Old
Sun Tower) as the tallest building in the British Empire.
Vancouver Harbors first grain elevator was
built. It was at the foot of Woodland Drive, and was dubbed Stevens'
Follythe brainchild of local MP H.H. Stevens, who saw
the opportunity to the local economy provided by the Panama Canal.
Malcolm McLennan became Vancouvers chief constable.
The Vancouver and District Joint Sewerage and Drainage
Board was incorporated.
A wave of Italian immigration, which had started
in 1900, ended with the advent of World War I.
Ukrainian immigration dried up, too. Writes Kevin
Griffin of the Sun, Most Ukrainians in Canada in 1914 were
from western Ukraine which was under control of the Austro-Hungarian
empire. Despite advice from Great Britain that Ukrainians did not
support the Hapsburg empire, the federal government decided to intern
5,000 Ukrainians in 26 camps across the country. Another 80,000
were classed as enemy aliens and regularly had to report their presence
to the RCMP.
Justice Samuel Davies Schultz was appointed to the
Vancouver County Court, the first Jew in Canada named to the bench.
Transit historian Brian Kelly writes: As housing
crept further and further south, east, and west out of the city,
the tracks and power lines crept out along with them. Cars now travelled
out east and west Broadway, Hastings, 4th Avenue, Victoria, Kingsway,
Oak, Dunbar, Nanaimo and even 41st through Kerrisdale. By 1914 the
fleet had grown to 232 cars of all types and sizes in daily service.
Goodman Hamre began a bus service between New Westminster
The Greyhound Bus Company began in Montana.
The Laundry Workers Union was organized locally.
The Asahi Baseball Club, composed of Japanese-Canadians,
was organized. They played at what is now Oppenheimer Park. The
Asahi Baseball Story, an excellent NFB film, chronicles
the history of the team who were the pride of Little Tokyo in pre-war
Vancouver. In a David vs. Goliath triumph over bigger Caucasian
teams, the up-start Japanese Canadian players became unbeatable,
winning the prestigious Pacific Northwest Championship for five
consecutive years. When Canada declared war against Japan in December
1941 everyone of Japanese descent, whether born in Canada or not,
was sent to internment camps. Faced with hardship, racism and isolation,
the former Asahi members survived by playing baseball, eventually
breaking down racial and cultural barriers with the R.C.M.P. officers
and the local townspeople.
William Charles Hopkinson, an immigration officer
working out of the provincial courthouse (todays Vancouver
Art Gallery), was murdered by a local Sikh, infuriated by Hopkinsons
actions during the Komagata Maru incident. Some say his ghost still
wanders the building.
Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn, two of the pioneers
of U.S. modern dance, first visited Vancouver. They would reappear
Bristol-born (October 30, 1899) Ivor Frederick Ackery
arrived in Vancouver with his mom. As Ivan Ackery, he would become
the long-time manager of the Orpheum Theatre (1935-1969).
Fred Deeley, Sr. opened Fred Deeley Ltd. in a 12-foot-wide
store at 1075 Granville. By 1925 he would own a motorcycle shop,
a bicycle shop, and one of Canada's larger car dealerships.
John Hendry, who had bought Hastings Mill about 25
years earlier, renaming it B.C. Mills, Timber and Trading, by 1914
had the satisfaction of knowing it had become the largest company
of its kind in the northwest with 2,000 employees. The company,
among other things, shipped doors, sashes and blinds. John Hendry
Park is named for him.
Julia Willmothe Henshaw and her husband Charles became
the first couple to drive through the Rocky Mountains. She was famous
as the author of an 1898 novel, Hypnotized. (I read it; dont
bother.) She won the Croix De Guerre as an ambulance driver in France
during WWI. Mrs. Henshaw died in 1937 in Caulfeild.
The book British Columbia From Earliest Times to
the Present appeared. Written by Frederick William Howay, it would
be the standard history of B.C. until Margaret Ormsbys 1964
Marianne Linnell, civic leader, was born in Calgary.
A Vancouver NPA alderman, first elected in 1961, she served five
terms to 1974. She died June 6, 1990 in Vancouver.
Alex Mitchell, who in 1899 bought Stanley Park Stables
(at Seymour and Dunsmuir), the taxi business of his day, with 86
horses, 40 rigs, seven hacks and two tallyhos, went bankrupt. The
major causes: World War I and the popularity of the automobile.
- 1884] [1885 - 1891] [1892
[1900 - 1905] [1906
- 1908]